Optional tour

Nanjing, called Ning for short, is located in the Yangtze River Delta, facing fertile Jiangsu Southern areas on the east, hills of Anhui Province on the west, Tai Lake on the south and Jianghuai plain on the north. Since it is the intersection of Yangtze River—an east-west water transport artery and Nanjing-Beijing railway—a south-north land transport artery, hence the name “door of the east and west, throat of the south and north”.

Furthermore, the west part of the Ningzhen range is in Nanjing; the Loong-like Zhong Mountain is curling in the east of the city; the tiger-like Stone Mountain is crouching in the west of the city, hence the name “the Zhong Mountain, a dragon curling, and the Stone Mountain, a tiger crouching”. Mr. Sun Yet-sen spoke highly of Nanjing in the “Constructive Scheme for Our Country”, “The position of Nanjing is wonderful since mountains, lakes and plains all integrated in it. It is hardly to find another city like this.” With history of over 6,000 years, Nanjing has become a famous historical and cultural city since it was established 2,500 years ago. Since the 3rd Century AD, 10 dynasties and regimes made Nanjing the capital and established the country: Wu, Eastern Jin, Southern Dynasties (Sung, Qi, Liang, Chen), Southern Tang, Ming, Taiping Heavenly Kingdom and the Republic of China, hence the titles “Ancient Capital for Six Dynasties” and “Capital City for Ten Dynasties”. The history has left abundant Chinese historical and cultural relics in Nanjing.

Nanjing is very rich in natural and artificial landscapes and one of the first 24 well-known historic and cultural cities announced by the state. Dr.Sun Yat-Sen's Mausoleum, the Ming Tomb, the King Palace of Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, the ancient city wall of Nanjing, the stone carvings of Southern Tang Dynasty, Pagoda for Buddist Relics, the Tombs of Southern Tang Emperors, the Rain Flower Terrace, the Mural Painting in Tangzi Street and other places are the main scenic spots and historic sites. The Eastern Suburbs Scenic Area, the Qixia Mountain, the Xuanwu Lake, the Mochou Lake, the Qinhuai River Scenic Belt and other scenic areas are well-known far and near. Among them, Dr. Sun Yat-Sen's Mausoleum and the Qinhuai River Scenic Belt are among 40 best tourist scenic spots in China. There were over 220,000 tourists from abroad in 1995.

Specialties of Nanjing

1.Cloud-pattern Brocade

Nanjing Cloud-pattern Brocade concentrates the essence of advanced silk fabrics arts and technology of ancient dynasties and ranks first among the most famous three categories of silk fabrics of ancient China. It had been used as tributes to the loyal families in the Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasty.

2.Boiled Salted Duck

Boiled Salted Duck has a history of over 1000 years. With white skin and tender flesh, the duck is fat but not greasy, and tastes very delicious.

3.Rain Flower Tea

With its excellent color, scent, taste and shape, Rain Flower Tea is one of China’s Top 10 Famous Tea.

4.Rain Flower Pebble

Also called Rain Flower Agate, it is one of the earliest ornamental stones.

5.Gold Foil Arts and Crafts

With unique production technique, Gold Foil is mainly used to decorate buildings and utensils.